Risk factors for cerebral palsy at birth

images (3)In rare cases, some babies develop CP as a result of complications during the mother’s pregnancy or at birth. Risk factors include:

Premature birth. Premature babies are more likely to have bleeding in the brain (intraventricular hemorrhage, or IVH) or a brain injury called periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Either of these problems may cause CP.
Difficult or prolonged labor.
Brain infection or physical trauma can increase a baby’s risk of getting CP.
A lack of oxygen also increases a baby’s risk. This isn’t common.
CP can itself cause a baby to have a difficult birth because of body movement and posture problems related to the condition.
Placenta abruptio. The placenta usually separates from the wall of the uterus several minutes after the birth of the baby. But if it separates before the baby is born, the baby loses the blood and oxygen supply from the mother.
Infections in the mother’s uterus or vagina, such as strep infections, that transfer to the baby during birth.

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